Expert Group Session: Municipal Wastewater Use for Irrigation
Date: 4– 7 November 2006
Venue: Sana’a, Yemen
Co-organizers: RCUWM- Tehran, WUR, University of Sana’a, WEC
Participating Countries/ Organizations: Afghanistan, Germany, India, Iran, Jordan, Oman, The Netherlands, and Yemen
Number of Participants: 60
Number of Female Participants: 14 (23%)
- Understanding the need to acknowledge municipal wastewater as a valuable water resource that (treated or untreated) can be used for food and/or fodder irrigation
- The use of wastewater can play an important role in providing a livelihood for people and pre-urban areas, through increasing food and income security.
- Planning and design for wastewater collection, treatment and distribution should be based on the ultimate use of the effluent.
- Researchers should develop new and use existing knowledge to advise farmers, policy and decision makers on the safe use of (treated) wastewater through crop selection, technology selection, irrigation water management and crop handling.
- Pilot projects should be developed as full scale research facilities to fine-tune technological and institutional approaches in a water-chain approach, and to facilitate awareness raising with all stakeholders in the urban/pre-urban water chain.